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The best known stars of constellation Aries are Sheratan and Hamal. One of its major attractions is the Gamma Arietis, a beautiful double star, which was discovered quite by chance in 1664 when astronomer, Robert Hooke, was following the motion of a comet. Gamma Arietis is one of the earliest double stars on record to have been found with the aid of a telescope.
The ram's body consists of the stars α Ari, η Ari, ε Ari, 41 Ari, and 35 Ari: ε Ari and 41 Ari being of the fourth magnitude.
The ram's tail consists of the stars 35 Ari, 41 Ari, and 39 Ari.
The star γ Ari, of fourth magnitude, represents the ram's front foot, and the star δ Ari, also of fourth magnitude, represents the ram's hind foot.
The origin of constellation Aries is not documented however, the Greeks related Aries to the story of the Golden Fleece, the hide of the flying ram that Jason (with the help of his beloved Medea) spirited away from the serpent in the Grove of Aries. This constellation is mentioned in Phaenomena, authored by the Greek poet Aratus, which dates from the Third Century B.C., and Ptolemy, the great astronomer who lived and worked in Egypt during the Second Century A.D., cataloged this constellation.
The names of the stars that make up Aries is as follows:
Alpha Arietis α Ari
Beta Arietis β Ari
Gamma Arietis γ Ari
The head of the ram is marked by the first bright star Alpha Arietis, known as Hamal (from the Arabic for "lamb"). Just to the Southwest lie two bright stars, Beta and Gamma Arietis (also known as Sheratan and Mesarthim), which represent the ram's horns.
To the Northeast of Hamal is a somewhat dimmer star that marks the ram's back, and Southeast of that point is Delta Arietis (also known as Botein), which represents the tail.
The origin of constellation Aries is not well known.
However, the faint and tiny cluster stars of Aries first appeared on monetary coin in 6 A.D. and is believed by some to have been the stellar pattern that the Magi and other astrologers looked to in their search for the Star of Bethlehem, which was foretold in biblical prophesies and promised to be a sign of the imminent birth of a king.
The present name of constellation Aries is Roman in origin (Roman mythology having been adopted from that of the Ancient Greeks).
Constellation Aries is located between Pisces the Fish and Taurus the Bull, Aries is also bordered by Cetus the Whale (or Sea-Monster), Perseus the Hero, Triangulum the Triangle and Andromeda the Chained Princess.
Aries is visible from earth at latitudes between +90° and −60°.
Aries constellation is visible in both the Northern and Southern hemispheres from September through February. Mostly best visible at 21:00 (9 p.m.) during the months of December.
The constellation Aries is well known and not difficult to locate in the night sky, but has few objects of interest. It may be seen in the Northern Hemisphere during the late Winter and early Spring.